Specialist Safety Introduction

The specialist safety services we provide have been divided into two sections, Confined Space and Breathing Apparatus.

Both of these sections are complimentary in that all Confined Space training courses will include elements of breathing apparatus training.

Although they are complimentary they can both be covered as “Stand Alone” training for refresher courses and potential qualification upgrade.

This page outlines the range of confined space training courses provided by us.  In addition pleased find details of the range of confined space related training courses we cover to be delivered as refresher training or for potential qualification upgrade.

Confined Spaces

The confined space training courses that we offer are either “Accredited” or “Non-Accredited”.

The training course you need will be determined by a number of factors with the main one being contract or tender requirements.

Please contact us for further advice.

Accredited – vs – Non Accredited.

“Accredited” courses are ones which are approved by Awarding Bodies such as CABWI or City & Guilds and which comply with National Occupational Standards.

“Non-Accredited” courses are ones which we provide but do not attract certification from the Awarding Bodies.

Our “Non-Accredited” training courses fully comply with the same National Occupational Standards.

The differences between the two are detailed below:

Confined Space Questions.

What is a Confined Space?

The legal definition states that a confined space means any place, including any chamber, tank, vat, silo, pit, trench, pipe, sewer, flue, well or other similar space in which, by virtue of its enclosed nature, there arises a reasonably foreseeable specified risk.

The legal definition of a confined space is detailed in Regulation 1 of the Confined Spaces Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1999 and the Health and Safety Executive Northern Ireland document Safe Work in Confined Spaces in Northern Ireland an Approved Code of Practice ACOP L101.

The N Ireland ACOP is slightly different than its UK counterpart in that the UK Third Edition gives further clarification on what a confined space is or when an enclosed space will become a confined space.

HSENI are currently consulting interested parties with a view to introducing the Third Edition plus/minus any amendments into use in N Ireland.

The Third Edition contains the exact same definition as detailed above but gives the further clarification that to be a confined space within the meaning of the regulations then the space needs to be enclosed and contain at least one of the specified risks.

What does enclosed mean?

In applying the definition of a confined space the word enclosed does not simply mean a compartment that is tight, narrow restrictive with limited access or egress and limited ventilation.

The nature of the enclosure should also be considered in that the internal layout or configuration could encourage containment of the specified risks or other introduced hazards.

By the legal definition a “sewer” will always be a confined space in the the hazards present could be contained within the enclosure and pose significant risk to entrants who have to access and egress through limited openings.  It is not only the limited opening that makes it a confined space.

An empty “tank” could be defined a confined space or would be whenever one of the specified risks is introduced.  A small quantity of chemical released and contained within will result in a high concentration.  For flammable gases this concentration could be within the flammable range and for toxic gases could be above safe exposure levels.

So therefore we have enclosed spaces which due to their inherent nature will always be a confined space and others that may become a confined space due to the work being done, substances used or due to the nature of work being carried out.

What are the specified risks?

A “specified risk” means a risk of:

  1. Serious injury to any person at work arising from a fire or explosion;
  2. The loss of consciousness of any person at work arising from an increase in body temperature;
  3. The loss of consciousness or asphyxiation of any person at work arising from gas, fume, vapour or the lack of oxygen;
  4. The drowning of any person at work arising from an increase in the level of a liquid; or
  5. The asphyxiation of any person at work arising from a free flowing solid or the inability to reach a respirable environment due to entrapment by a free flowing solid.
What are the legal requirements?

The person who controls the work in any enclosed space (Dutyholder) shall apply the definition and if the enclosed space meets the legal definition then it is a confined space and therefore subject to the Regulations.

The Dutyholder should then comply with the guidance contained within the Approved Code of Practice ACOP.

Once defined the Confined Space Regulations basically state:

  • That no one should enter that confined space unless absolutely necessary
  • That any persons entering shall only do so in compliance with a safe system of work (Which may well have led to the definition)
  • That before any person enters there shall be suitable and sufficient Emergency arrangements in place and that due to the nature of these emergencies reliance solely on the Emergency Services (NIFRS & NIAS) is not normally an option for immediate rescue/recovery.

When complying with the guidance the Dutyholders should ensure that the measures they are taking are at least to an equal if not higher standard than the guidance offers.

What are Confined Space Risk Levels?

Confined Spaces are to be found across all industry sectors, Oil/Gas, Water, Sewage, Utilities, Engineering, etc

The range, size and types of confined space are numerous with each one having the potential to pose a risk to entrants. The level of risk in each is different.

The Confined Space Regulations nor the ACOP refers to levels of risk.  In the Regulations and the ACOP a confined space is any space which meets the definition.

The Dutyholder is responsible for determining the risks and the control measures necessary.

For training and qualification purposes the following risk levels have been introduced by Energy & Utility Skills as National Occupational Standards for work in confined spaces in the Utility Sector:

  • Low Risk Confined Spaces.
  • Medium Risk Confined Spaces.
  • High Risk Confined Spaces.

 

What training is available?

National Occupational Standards, qualifications and Training courses have been designed to cover the three levels of risk (Low, Medium and High).

The levels of risk cover the need to enter a confined space, only if absolutely necessary. Before anyone can enter a confined space there must be a safe system of work in place and suitable and sufficient emergency arrangements.

Additional National Occupational Standards, qualifications and training have been developed to cover:

  1. Overseeing work in confined spaces
  2. Emergency rescue and recovery of casualties from confined spaces.
  3. Manage Work in Confined Spaces

Based on the National Occupational Standards training and awarding bodies such as City & Guilds and the Certification and Assessment Board for the Water Industry CABWI have introduced qualifications and vocational training courses to meet these standards. These are competence-based and knowledge-based qualifications set to match the standards.

Energy & Utility Skills, City & Guilds or CABWI do not design or deliver the training or carry out the practical or written assessments. This is carried out by the licensed approved training providers.

The Awarding Bodies license or approve training providers to design, deliver and assess the training. I am a licensed CABWI/City & Guild Trainer/Assessor who works on behalf of a licensed training provider.

The ACOP refers to the C&G and CABWI qualifications as Regulated Qualifications.

There are other confined space training courses which are available but which would not be deemed to be Regulated.

What are regulated qualifications?

The Confined Space Regulations do not make any reference to training for work in confined spaces.

The ACOP makes reference to Regulated Qualifications with respect to the training of Emergency Teams.

In Para 85 of the ACOP Competence for confined spaces working.

“Workers must have adequate training and experience in the particular work involved to be competent to work safely in a confined space. Training standards must be appropriate to the task, and to the individual’s roles and responsibilities, so that work can be carried out safely.

Where the risk assessment indicates that properly trained individuals can work for periods without supervision, you should check that they are competent to follow the established safe system of work and have been provided with adequate information and instruction about the work to be done.”

In Para 164 the ACOP refers to “Regulated qualifications in emergency rescue and casualty recovery from confined spaces are available. Regulated qualifications are delivered by training centres recognised by a regulated ‘awarding organisation’ (AO). These AOs are regulated by the qualification regulators against standards for the design, delivery and award of qualifications. As part of the regulated standards, AOs must have dedicated quality assurance processes to approve and monitor their recognised training centres.refers to the C&G and CABWI qualifications as Regulated Qualifications.”

We design and deliver confined space training courses which are fully comply with the all relevant statutory regulations, ACOP, NOS and manufacturers standards.

 

What are the classifications of Confined Space?

In N Ireland the largest industry sectors involved in confined space working are Water, Sewage and Utilities.

The National Occupational Standards where drawn up after consultation with Energy & Utility Skills, City & Guilds, CABWI, Water UK and others.

Water and sewage sector have a wide range of confined spaces.  In an effort to standardise their procedures, skills, training and equipment requirements especially for contractors required to work on Water sites Water UK introduced a further National Classification for confined spaces entries.

The classifications are contained in Water UK OCCASIONAL GUIDANCE NOTE The Classification & Management of Confined Space Entries.

This industry guidance document sets out nationally agreed minimum standards of management and operational performance, equipment and competence to be achieved by contractors.

The Classification system recognises that the system of work or precautions that may need to be taken for entry into a confined space will differ with the hazards (inherent or introduced), degree of risk, complexity of the operation and the location of the confined space.

The classification identifies 4 entry categories designated NC1, NC2, NC3 and NC4.

  • NC 1 Low risk shallow entry with adequate natural or mechanical ventilation, where access is simple and unobstructed and there is no likely risk of flooding e.g. meter pits, valve chambers, booster-pumping stations, PRV chambers.
  • NC 2 Vertical direct unobstructed access with continuous attachment to a man riding hoist or similar mechanical rescue device.
  • NC 3 As for NC2 except when it is not possible to have persons permanently attached to a safety line. Usually it will be a team entry which moves away from the entry point e.g. Man entry sewers, utility service subway tunnels, aqueducts and complex wet wells. Working without an attached rescue line and includes working away from the point of entry.
  • NC 4 Non standard entries involving complex operations which introduce additional risks and require specific controls and rescue arrangements e.g. mechanical hazards, physical complexity of system introduced hazards, enhanced specific intrinsic hazards.
    Entry classifications are used as a means of supervising and managing work in confined spaces and enable a water company to specify entries to contractors using nationally agreed and understood system whilst allowing the water company to continue to use its local classifications. The classifications are used to determine the procedures for;
  • Rescue – Self, assisted or emergency
  • First Aid and resuscitation
  • Medical fitness and standards for breathing apparatus work
  • Competency standards
  • Equipment specification and standards
  • NI Water use their own policy document – Safe System of Work for Work in Confined Spaces which covers:

NI Water Policy

  • Definitions and roles and responsibilities
  • Risk classification, procedures and risk assessment
  • On-site personnel levels for high, medium and low risk confined spaces
  • Access and egress
  • Assessment of personnel
  • Emergency provision and confined space entry monitoring
  • Training provision
  • Application to contractors
  • The maintenance of safety equipment related to work in confined spaces
  • No person shall work in a confined space unless the entry category (NC1 to NC4) has been determined or confirmed through risk assessment.
  • No person shall work in a confined space unless they have been adequately trained, assessed and certificated for the purpose.

There are no regulated qualifications or training courses specifically designed for national entry classifications.

 

Who determines the content of Confined Space Training Courses?

The Awarding Bodies have no input into the training content.  Awarding Body’s are primarily concerned with the assessment process.

The training content is determined by the training provider and should be designed to meet the relevant National Occupational Standard for Confined Spaces and be in accordance with manufacturers instructions for equipment.

The training content should therefore be the same for all training providers.

Where there is a difference it will be in the:

  • Content of knowledge based training presentations.
  • Structure of practical training sessions
  • Experience of the trainer.
  • Types and standard of equipment.
  • Confined space premises.
  • Duration of training event.
  • Means of assessment.
  • Welfare arrangements of training provider.

We have structured our training courses to be on a modular basis so that we can build and adapt our training courses to suit the needs of the client and if necessary, the Awarding Body.

Do I need to do Accredited training?

There is no legal requirement to do accredited training.  There is a strong recommendation in the ACOP but this is in relation to training for Emergency Teams.

The main driver of accredited qualifications is contract or tender requirements where the type and level of accredited training and certification is stipulated as a minimum standard..

We provide non accredited training with the same training content as accredited training.  We do this so that if at a later date in response to contract term or tender application where the accredited qualification is required then you are in a position to attend the accredited assessment requirements and top up your qualification.  Terms apply.

Please contact us for details.

 

Who is going to deliver your Confined Space Training?

Accredited training can only be delivered and assessed by approved instructors.

Non-accredited training can be delivered by

“In House” providing the level of competence is     available.  “In House” training will tend to be specific for the types of confined space and the level of risk encountered.

By external training providers

Accredited Qualifications.

Are awarded after successful completion of the training and assessment. 

  • The training and assessment is covered over the minimum set Guided Learning Hours which forms the course duration.
  • The minimum guided learning hours allow for the completion of the training, practical assessment, written assessment, evidence gathering and completion of centre based administration.
  • These qualifications will be more expensive due to the individual registration and certification fees charged by the Awarding Body.
  • Costs are then our training fee plus Awarding Body fees.

Assessment is by;

  • Formal written assessment prepared by the Awarding Body.
  • Oral assessment 
  • Practical assessment of performance.

Non-Accredited Qualifications

Are awarded after successful completion of the training and assessment. 

  • The training and assessment is covered over the course duration determined by us.
  • The course duration allows for the completion of the training, practical assessment, written assessment, evidence gathering and completion of our administration procedures.
  • These qualifications do not incur individual registration and certification fees charged by the Awarding Body.
  • Costs are then our training fee plus any optional additional cost for a CS identity card.

Assessment is by;

  • Comprehensive written assessment prepared by us.  (I would say to a higher standard than Awarding Body)
  • Oral assessment 
  • Practical assessment of performance.  The evidence requirements are not as intense so therefore the overall time taken to complete is reduced and corresponding reduction in cost.

National Occupational Standards

EUSCS01 - Low Risk CS

• A low risk confined space is a space which meets the legal definition.
• It will involve low risk entry with adequate natural or mechanical ventilation.
• Access appears simple and unobstructed
• There is no likely risk of flooding(for example meter pits, valve chambers; stairwells).

Link to NOS
EUSCS02 - Medium Risk CS

• A medium risk confined space exists where there is a risk that a specified hazard is or may be present.
• It will require the use of escape breathing apparatus.
• It will involve the presence of one or more people – positioned outside the confined space – who have designated responsibilities for controlling the entry and dealing with emergencies.
• Entry to the confined space may involve:
1Vertical entry normally using a ladder or man-riding winch, both requiring fall protection and means of assisted rescue such as a rescue winch
2Horizontal entry such as walking or climbing into the confined space or working away from the bottom of a vertical entry, with limited use of a rescue line.
• Such types of entry may involve more than one person entering the confined space.

Link to NOS
EUSCS03 - High Risk CS

•A high risk confined space exists when there are non-standard entries and which, in consequence, makes rescue difficult.
• It is likely that a hazard will be present at some time during the entry.
• Entry may involve complex entry procedures and there will be work-specific controls and rescue arrangements.
• It will entail the use of self-contained open circuit breathing apparatus, specialist detection equipment, and resuscitation equipment.
• It will require the presence of personnel who have designated responsibilities for dealing with emergencies.

Link to NOS
EUSC04 - Overseeing Work in CS

•Overseeing work in confined spacesNOS EUSCS04

• This standard covers the duties of a safety attendant (top-man/woman) which does not require entries into confined spaces.
• It is about controlling the pre-entry procedures and entry into and out of the confined space, maintaining communications, and initiating and controlling emergency procedures.

Link to NOS
EUSCS05 - Rescue & Recovery from CS

•Emergency rescue and recovery of casualties from confined spaces.NOS EUSCS05

• This standard covers the need to be present as a member of a team for rescue and recovery of casualties should an emergency arise.
• It is a dedicated team and may be an in-house team, specialist contractors or the emergency services by prior arrangement.
• The role is to be available and carry out rescue from within the confined space should an emergency arise.
• This will also require competence as the unit “Working in High Risk Confined Spaces”.

Link to NOS
EUSCS06 - Manage Work in CS

•Emergency rescue and recovery of casualties from confined spaces.NOS EUSCS05

• This standard covers the need to be present as a member of a team for rescue and recovery of casualties should an emergency arise.
• It is a dedicated team and may be an in-house team, specialist contractors or the emergency services by prior arrangement.
• The role is to be available and carry out rescue from within the confined space should an emergency arise.
• This will also require competence as the unit “Working in High Risk Confined Spaces”.

Link to NOS
National Occupational Standards

Accredited Confined Space Training.

Working in Low risk confined spaces.

Level 2 Award in Working in Low risk confined spaces.

The City & Guilds Working in Low Risk Confined Spaces training and assessment course is for entrants that are required to enter and work in a confined space.

The confined space has been defined in accordance with the regulations and ACOP but has been assessed as Low Risk.  

For water related spaces this would be classified as NC1.

Working in Medium risk confined spaces.

Level 2 Award in Working in Medium risk confined spaces (top man) (entrant).

The City & Guilds Working in Medium Risk Confined Spaces training and assessment course is for entrants that are required to enter and work in a confined space.

The confined space has been defined in accordance with the regulations and ACOP but has been assessed as Medium Risk.  

For water related spaces this would be classified as NC2 and NC3.

Persons trained to this standard are qualified to work in Low Risk spaces.

Working in High risk confined spaces.

Level 2 Award in Working in High risk confined spaces.

The City & Guilds Working in High Risk Confined Spaces training and assessment course is for entrants that are required to enter and work in a confined space.

The confined space has been defined in accordance with the regulations and ACOP but has been assessed as High Risk.  

For water related spaces this would be classified as NC4.

Persons trained to this standard are also qualified to work in NC1, NC2, and NC3 confined spaces.

Emergency rescue and recovery of casualties from CS.

Level 3 Award in Emergency rescue and recovery of casualties from confined spaces.

The City & Guilds Working in Confined Space Rescue and Recovery training and assessment course is for selected members of an emergency rescue team that are required carry out the duties of a rescue team member for rescues from any level of risk.

Manage work in confined spaces.

Level 5 Award in Manage work in confined spaces.

The City & Guilds Managing work in confined spaces training and assessment course is for employees that are required to supervise work in any confined space.

Confined Space Permit to Work

Non - Accredited Confined Space Training.

Confined Space Awareness

The training course is attendance only, there is no written or practical assessment. Because there is no practical training, written or practical assessment this type of training does not confer competence to enter and work in a confined space.

I only deliver this training for Confined Space training providers using selected sessions from the modular format.

Confined Space Medium Risk

The CABWI Working in Low Risk Confined Spaces training and assessment course is for entrants that are required to enter and work in a confined space that has been defined in accordance with the regulations as a confined space but has been assessed as Medium Risk.

(Covers Low and Medium Risk CS, duties of entrant and top man)

Water classification NC1, NC2 and NC3.

Confined Space High Risk

Confined Space High Risk training and assessment course is for entrants that are required to enter and work in a confined space that has been defined in accordance with the regulations as a confined space but has been assessed as High Risk.

This will involve training in respiratory protection equipment such as full duration breathing apparatus, airline or supplied air respirators.

(Covers Low, Medium and High Risk CS, duties of entrant and top man)

Water classification NC1, NC2, NC3 and NC4.

Confined Space Rescue & Recovery

Confined Space Rescue and Recovery training and assessment course is for selected members of an emergency rescue team that are required carry out the duties of a rescue team member for rescues from any level of risk.

It is as a requirement that candidates for this course have passed a High Risk course.
.

Confined Space Supervisor

The Confined Space Supervisor training and assessment course is for employees that are required to supervise work in any confined space.

Gas Detection

Gas detection training courses are covered as part of Confined Space courses for confined space operatives who are required to operate and use gas detectors.

This mainly involves portable multi gas detectors. 

This course is offered as a “Stand Alone” for anyone wishing to expand their knowledge in gas detectors. 

Safety Harness

Safety harness training is carried out as part of a confined course to cover selection, test, don and adjust a rescue harness.

This training course is a stand alone course that can be used as refresher training or top up training to update a qualification.

Retrieval Equipment

Retrieval equipment such as tripods, retrieval devices and winches are covered as part of all our confined space courses. 

This is stand alone training to cover the design, operation, test, use and limitations of the equipment.

Lock Out Tag Out

Lock Out Tag Out requirements and procedures are covered as part of all our confined space courses. 

This can be covered as stand alone training to cover the methods, equipment. requirements and procedures for simple lock out tag out to more complex requirements such as involving telemetry systems.

Training Programme..

The confined space training programme covers the safe entry, exit and supervision of confined space work and the range of specialist equipment and procedures required.

Our programme is divided into a number of sessions based on a specific topic.  The sessions have been designed to ensure complete coverage of a confined space training programmes.

Using a session format we are able to quickly produce specific training for our clients by producing a range of training courses.  

The sessions have been divided and listed as:

1 Knowledge or classroom based sessions
2 Practical sessions which are classroom or site based.
3 Assessment sessions.  Written, oral and practical assessment to determine competence.

Knowledge Sessions

Session 01 - Confined Space Introduction.

This session covers:

  • Completion of individual medical questionnaire.
  • Standards of medical fitness for confined space classifications.
  • PPE requirements.
  • Welfare arrangements.
  • Centre administration.
Session 02 - CS & other relevant legislation.

This session covers:

  • Confined Space Regulations
  • CS Approved Code of Practice
  • Health & Safety at Work Order
  • Management Regs.
  • Workplace Regs.
  • PPE Regs.
  • PUWER/LOLER
  • COSHH/DSEAR
  • RIDDOR
Session 03 - Confined Space Classification.

This session covers:

  • Definition and example of NC1 Low Risk Confined Spaces
  • Definition and example of NC2  Medium Risk Confined Spaces
  • Definition and example of NC3 Medium Risk Confined Spaces
  • Definition and example of NC4 High Risk Confined Spaces
Session 04 - Confined Space Recognition.

This session covers:

By the use of photographs and support information candidates are asked to determine

  • If the space is a confined space 
  • Why it is or is not a confined space
  • If it is not a confined space what could make it a confined space
  • What is the level or classification of risk.
Session 05 - Confined Space Accidents.

This session covers:

Examples of confined incidents that have resulted in fatalities and injuries for a range of scenarios:

  • Lack of oxygen
  • Excess oxygen
  • Presence of toxic gases
  • Presence of inert gases
  • Inappropriate work practices
  • Incorrect equipment
  • Falls from height
  • Failure of safety systems
Session 06 - Confined Space Hazards

This session covers:

  • Oxygen deficient atmospheres causes and effects.  Low level alarms.
  • Oxygen enriched atmospheres causes and effects.  High level alarms.
  • Flammable vapours/gases occurrence, cause and effects. Fire tetrahedron, flammable range and ignition temperatures.  Low and high level %LEL Alarms.
  • Toxic gases occurrence, cause and effects.  Low and High level alarm PPM set points. STEL and TWA PPM set points.
  • Medical conditions
  • Falls from height.
  • Chemicals and biological information
  • Flooding
  • Free flowing solids
  • Personal hygiene
  • Other hazards.
Session 07-01 - Rescue Equipment

Rescue Harness & Retrieval Equipment.

Prior to actual operation and use this session covers:

  • The design, features and component parts of the;
    • Rescue harness
    • Tripod
    • Retrieval Device
  • The use and limitations of the equipment
  • The selection criteria
  • Testing, care and maintenance of the equipment.
Session 07-02 - Escape BA

Escape Breathing Apparatus & Oxygen re-breathers.

Prior to actual operation and use this session covers:

  • The design, features and component parts of the;
    • Constant Flow Escape Breathing Apparatus
    • Positive Pressure Escape Breathing Apparatus
    • Oxygen Re-breathers
  • The selection criteria
  • The use and limitations of the equipment
  • Potential dangerous occurrences before and during use.
  • Testing, care and maintenance of the equipment.
Session 07-03 - Ancillary equipment.

Lighting, ventilation, communication, etc

Prior to actual operation and use this session covers:

  • The concept, design, features and component parts of the;
    • Air movers
    • Local exhaust ventilation
    • Natural ventilation
    • Fixed, temporary and portable lighting
    • Radio and other forms of communiaction
  • The selection criteria
  • The use and limitations of the equipment
  • Testing, care and maintenance of the equipment.
Session 07-04 - Gas Detection Equipment

Disposable, half mask, powered air and supplied air.

Prior to actual operation and use this session covers:

  • The concept, design, features and component parts of the;
    • respirators
    • filters
  • The selection criteria
  • The use and limitations of the equipment especially in a confined space environment
  • Testing, care and maintenance of the equipment.
Session 07-05 - Respirators

Portable Single & Multi Gas

Prior to actual operation and use this session covers:

  • The concept, design, features and component parts of the;
    • Single gas monitors
    • Multi gas detectors
  • The selection criteria
  • The use and limitations of the equipment
  • Calibration and bump test requirements
  • Testing, care and maintenance of the equipment.
Session 07-06 - Full Duration BA

Full Duration (Working) Breathing Apparatus

Prior to actual operation and use this session covers:

  • The concept, design, features and component parts of the;
    • Compressed air cylinder
    • Self contained BA Set
    • Facemask
  • The selection criteria
  • The use and limitations of the equipment
  • Potential dangerous occurrences before and during use.
  • Testing, care and maintenance of the equipment.
Session 07-07 - Breathing Apparatus Airline

Breathing Apparatus Airline Equipment

Prior to actual operation and use this session covers:

  • The concept, design, features and component parts of the;
    • Compressed air cylinder
    • Twin airline assembly
    • Approved attachments for use with full or rescue BA sets for decontamination and emergency procedures.
  • The selection criteria
  • The use and limitations of the equipment
  • Testing, care and maintenance of the equipment.
Session 07-09 - Defibrillators

Defibrillators

Prior to actual operation and use this session covers:

  • The concept, design, features and component parts of a defibrillator.
  • The selection criteria
  • The use and limitations of the equipment
  • Testing, care and maintenance of the equipment.
Session Session 08 - Suspension Syncope.

This session covers:

  • Definition, cause and effects of suspension truama
  • Actions to take
  • Latest HSE Guidance
Session 10 - CS Safe Systems of Work

This session covers:

  • Definition of hazard
  • Definition of Competent Person
  • 5 steps to risk assessment
  • Review and revise a risk assessment
  • Method Statement
  • CS Permits
  • Hot Permits
  • Duties and responsibilities of CS Supervisor
  • Duties and responsibilities of CS Attendant
  • Duties and responsibilities of CS Entrants and Responsible Person
  • Lock Out & Tag Out
  • Signs and barriers
Session 11 - CS Emergency Procedures

This session covers:

  • Planned & Unplanned Emergencies
  • Self Rescue 
  • Assisted Rescue
  • Emergency Rescue 
  • Emergency Services
Session 12 - BA Cylinders & Durations

This session covers:

  • Size, charging pressure and cylinder capacity
  • Breathing rates and respiratory cycle
  • Carbon dioxide and its effects on breathing rate
  • Factors that influence breathing rate
  • Full duration of full and partially charged cylinders
  • Working duration of full and partially charged cylinders
  • Safety Margin
  • Effect of increased breathing rate on cylinder durations
  • Time to Whistle calculations
  • Calculation of working duration tables for 200bar and 300bar cylinders
  • Explanation of 80% rule
Session 13 - Face Fit Testing

This session covers:

  • Need for an effective facemask seal
  • Need to be clean shaven
  • Qualitative face fit testing
  • Quantitative face fit testing
  • Factors that affect
Session 14 - BA Entry Control Procedures

This session covers:

  • The purpose of safe entry control procedures
  • Entry control boards
  • BA Tallies
  • Dorset calculator or use of duration tables
  • Duties of BA wearers
  • Duties and responsibilities of entry control person
  • Relationship between BA entry control and CS Attendant
  • Emergency procedures
  • Completion of entry records for individual BA wearers
  • Calculation of Time of Whistle
  • Maintaining accurate records
Session 15 - BA Distress to Wearer

BA Distress to Wearer & RIDDOR

This session covers:

  • The definition and examples of distress to wearer 
  • Action to take by a BA Wearer
  • Action to take by Entry Control/CS Attendant
  • Reporting incidents and completion of RIDDOR reports
  • Impounding equipment
  • Maintaining records
  • Investigation requirements
Session 16 - Emergency Response Team

Emergency Response Team Roles & Responsibilities

This session covers:

  • Team qualification and number
  • The duties and responsibilities of Team Leader
  • Duties and responsibilities of team members
  • Entry control responsibilities
  • Emergency rescue equipment provision
  • Emergency equipment testing and state of readiness
  • Identification of hazards and potential emergency risk
Session 17 - Emergency Rescue Plan

Emergency Rescue & Rescue Plan

This session covers:

  • Emergencies that may be expected in the confined space
  • Alarms/communication systems, and what/how alarms will be activated 
  • Methods of reporting an emergency 
  • Emergency escape procedures and routes 
  • Procedures for assisting entrants 
  • Procedures to account for all persons after an evacuation 
  • Names of key personnel and contact details
  • Rescue procedures and requirements
  • Medical procedures and requirements
  • Procedures for special situations, such as precautions involved with certain chemicals and equipment
Session 18 - Emergency Services

Emergency Services – Levels of Response

This session covers:

  • Contacting emergency services
  • Means or methods of contact to suit location of confined space
  • Information required by emergency services
  • Level of response that can be expected
    • Level 1 Nearest available fire appliance/s with incident commander and incident support officers.
      • Safety Officer
      • Hazmats Officer
    • Level 2 As for level 1 plus Specialist Rescue Team
    • Level 3 As for level 2 plus NIAS Hazardous Area Response Team (HART)
Session 19 - Dynamic Management of Risk

Dynamic Management of Risk

This is the continuous process of identifying hazards,assessing risk, taking action to eliminate or reduce risk, monitoring and reviewing, in the changing circumstances of any operation.

Even more so in the rapidly changing circumstances of an operational or emergency incident

This session covers a tried and tested methodology for the dynamic management of risk as used by NIFRS

STAND – RUN

S  – Situation.

T – Tactics

A – Assistance

N – Needs

D – Deploy

R – Review/revise

U – Update

N – Never

Session 20 - CS Removal of BA Sets

Confined Space Removal of BA Sets to effect a rescue

This session covers:

  • The absolute requirement never to remove the BA set to gain access to a confined space either vertically or horizontally
  • The assessed need to remove a BA set to gain entry for emergency rescue or stabilisation 
  • The assessed need to remove a BA set to affect emergency egress
  • The effects on breathing rate and the hazards involved in the removal of a BA set to negotiate tight restrictive openings
  • How to remove a BA set with a degree of relative safety for vertical and horizontal movement.

Practical Sessions

Session 09-01 - Rescue Harness

This practical session covers:

  • LOLER Test requirements
  • Wearers pre-use test/checks
  • Completion of test reports
  • Donning and adjustment to suit individual requirements.
Session 09-02 - Tripod and retrieval device

This session covers:

  • LOLER test requirements
  • Pre-use inspection/checks/test of Tripod
  • Pre-use inspection/checks/test of Retrieval device
  • Test operate “Fall Arrest”
  • Test operate “Retrieval” 
  • Tripod extension and retraction
  • Tripod siting
  • Care and maintenance requirements
  • Completion of test reports
Session 09-03 - Portable Gas Detectors

Operate & use portable gas detectors

This session covers:

  • Turn On/off
  • Confirm audible, vibrate and visual alarms at switch on
  • Self test the detector and confirm and recognise alarm set points
  • Confirm calibration
  • Confirm pass fresh air set up.
  • Confirm comfort beep
  • Battery charging procedures
  • Operate backlight
  • How to calibrate and bump test
  • How to perform gas tests for vertical entry into confined space
  • How to perform gas tests for horizontal entry into confined space
  • Wear and use gas detectors
  • Data download
  • Activate/deactivate features such as “no movement” alarms
Session 09-04 - Retrieval operations

Winching operations involving tripod and retrieval devices

This session covers:

  • Candidate to don and adjust individual harness
  • Assemble equipment, attach retrieval device and prove operation
  • Locate and set up tripod for maximum safety and use
  • Select fall arrest
  • Attach and secure cable karabiner to rescue “D” ring
  • Candidate to climb down into confined space whilst attached and under fall arrest ready for retrieval
  • Attendant to select retrieval and winch out the candidate
Session 09-05 - Donning Facemask

Don & doff Escape BA Facemasks

This session is a preparatory session designed to ensure candidates can easily and quickly don and adjust an escape BA facemask.  

The session covers:

  • Demonstration of correctly donning and doffing the facemask
  • Demonstration of things that can go wrong and how to rectify:
    • failure to properly locate and tighten leading to excessive leaks
    • twisted straps
    • broken straps
  • Test and examination of the facemask, ori-nasal mask and head harness
  • Preparing the facemask and head harness for use
  • Locate the chin in the facemask
  • Donning the facemask
  • Locating and adjustment of the head harness
  • Instructor to rectify mistakes
  • Candidates repeat until proficient
Session 09-06 - Assemble a PP Escape Set

Assemble, prepare and test a Positive Pressure Escape BA

This session is a preparatory session designed to ensure candidates can prepare and prove a positive pressure escape set ready for use. 

The session covers:

  • Inspection and test as per manufacturers instruction
  • Demonstration, imitation and practice of the assembly and connection:
    • Pressure reducer to cylinder
    • Lung demand valve to facemask
  • Demonstration, imitation and practice of preparation of LDV and stowing the facemask
  • Demonstration, imitation and practice of preparation of locating and securing snap hook to trigger pin
  • Demonstration, imitation and practice of preparation of sealing the bag and securing anti tamper tag.
  • Demonstration of things that can go wrong and how to rectify:
    • Leakage at the cylinder connection on activation due to failure to properly tighten or accidental loosening
    • Leakage at the LDV due to failure to select “no flow” 
    • Uncovenanted disconnection of the LDV
Session 09-07 - Radio operation and use

The session covers:

  • Channel selection
  • Test operation and communications check
Session 09-08 - Ventilation equipment

The session covers:

  • Selection, test and inspect ventilation equipment
  • Attach ducting
  • Set up to force fresh air in
  • Set up to extract stale air
Session 09-09 - BA Cylinders

Breathing Apparatus Cylinder connection and disconnection

The session covers:

  • Visual examination of cylinder
  • Locate and fasten cylinder cover
  • Attachment of BA Cylinder to a Full Duration BA set without damaging the cylinder connector valve or threads
  • Adequately and securely tighten the cylinder
  • Attach the anti-vibration strap if fitted
  • Tighten the cylinder retaining strap
  • Completely loosen and redo the cylinder strap
  • Remove the cylinder using reverse procedure
Session 09-10 - BA Facemasks

Don & doff Full Duration BA Facemasks

The session covers:

  • Locate neckstrap and identify safe positioning of mask against chest to prevent foreign objects falling into mask
  • Donning the facemask, tighten both bottom straps, tighten both middle straps and tighten top strap
  • Confirm seal
  • Adjust top strap as necessary, confirm seal
  • Remove mask by releasing both bottom straps then middle straps.  Do not loosen to strap.
  • With mask removed identify individual setting of the top strap
Session 09-11 - Test BA Sets

Prepare & Test Full Duration (Working) BA Sets

The session covers:

  • Test, inspect and examine the BA set in accordance with manufacturers instructions
  • Tests to include:
    • Acceptance Test
    • Monthly Test
    • General Test
    • After-use Test
    • Pre-entry Test
  • Record test results
  • Identify causes of failure and rectify if possible

Acceptance, Monthly, General and After Use test will include:

  1. High pressure leak test
  2. Low pressure test of warning whistle
  3. Confirmation of positive pressure and face seal
Session 09-12 - Full Duration BA

Don & Adjust a Full Duration BA Set

The session covers:

  • Fully loosen all straps
  • Don the set, tighten the shoulder straps
  • Tighten and adjust the waistbelt and chest strap
  • Ensure test lever/no flow is selected
  • Open the cylinder valve fully
  • Don and adjust the facemask
  • Breathe to activate first breath positive pressure and to moisten the exhalation valve
  • Prove positive pressure
  • Perform pre-entry test
  • Ensure test lever/no flow is selected
  • Hold breath and remove the facemask
  • Close cylinder valve, release the pressure
  • Change the cylinder.
Session 09-13 - BA Familiarisation

Full Duration BA Familiarisation Exercise

The session covers:

  • Don and adjust BA Set, perform pre-entry test and undertake tasks
  • Record cylinder pressure and time of start
  • Wear set to perform various tasks to encourage increase of breathing rate
  • Identify the increased effort increases demand for air but decreases cylinder duration
  • Identify weight and comfort of set
  • Identify sounding of low pressure warning whistle
  • Record time of whistle and calculate actual duration based on start cylinder pressure
  • Remove the facemask, close down, drain down and service the set.
  • Sterilise, clean and inspect the facemask
Session 09-14 - BA Control Procedures

BA Entry Control Procedures

The session covers:

  • Duties of Entry Control Officer or Attendant
  • Record:
    • Names of wearers
    • Cylinder pressure
    • Time entered
  • Calculate “Time of Whistle” for each wearer
  • Record details where they are working and what they are doing
  • Monitor time to ensure return to Entry Point before Time of Whistle
  • Instigate emergency procedures if required
  • Maintain records
Session 09-15 - UCD Procedure

Uncovenanted disconnection of a Lung Demand Valve

This is when the lung demand valve becomes detached from the facemask.

UCD can occur whilst wearing either Positive Pressure escape BA or Full Duration BA

The PP Escape set session covers:

  • Hold breath
  • Stop air escape
  • Replace LDV and ensure fit
  • Breathe and momentarily break the seal
  • Leave the site and impound set
  • Report as dangerous occurrence

The Full Duration set session covers:

  • Hold breath
  • Do not stop air escape
  • Replace LDV and ensure fit
  • Breathe and momentarily break the seal
  • Leave the site, record the number of turns to close the cylinder valve and impound the set
  • Report as dangerous occurrence
Session 09-16 - BA Airline Equipment

Prepare & Test BA Airline equipment

The session covers:

  • Set up and test the airline equipment for sole use ie lung demand valve and facemask directly connected to airline with no other attachments
  • Set up and test the airline equipment when being used in conjunction with a PP10 Escape Set with secondary attachment.
  • Set up and test the airline equipment when being used in conjunction with a full duration BA set with secondary attachment.
  • Tests in accordance with manufacturers instructions:
    • Acceptance
    • Monthly
    • General
    • After Use
    • Pre-entry
  • Record test results
Session 09-17 - Operate and Use BA Airline

Operate & Use BA Airline

The session covers:

  • Set up, operate and use the airline equipment for sole use ie lung demand valve and facemask directly connected to airline with no other attachments
  • Set up, operate and use the airline equipment when being used in conjunction with a PP10 Escape Set with secondary attachment.
  • Set up, operate and use the airline equipment when being used in conjunction with a full duration BA set with secondary attachment.
Session 09-18 - Removal of BA Sets

Removal of BA Sets to effect a self rescue

The session covers:

  • How to safely remove a BA set but maintain the air supply to effect a self rescue.
  • Why entrants do not attempt to perform rescues or use this procedure under normal operations.
Session 09-19 - Rescue Stretchers

Prepare & Test Rescue Stretchers

The session covers:

  • Test, examine and inspect rescue stretcher and attachments in accordance with manufacturers instructions.
  • Operate and use rescue stretchers to effect rescues.
Session 09-20 - Medium Risk Exercises

Medium Risk Wearing Exercises

The session covers:

  • The practical exercises conducted during a medium risk course.
  • Single exercise scenario before progression to final practical assessment.
  • Exercise scenario cover self rescue from a confined space whilst wearing a positive pressure escape set.

Exercises are the same for both accredited and non-accredited courses.

Session 09-21 - High Risk Wearing Exercises

High Risk Wearing Exercises

The session covers:

  • The practical exercises conducted during a high risk course.
  • Two exercise scenarios before progression to final practical assessment.
  • Exercise scenarios covering a variety of work situations requiring the use of Full Duration BA

Exercises are the same for both accredited and non-accredited courses.

Session 09-22 - Rescue Exercises

Rescue & Recovery Exercises

The session covers:

  • These are practical exercises conducted during a rescue and recovery course.
  • Five exercise scenarios before progression to final practical assessment.
  • Exercise scenarios covering snatch rescue through to planned extraction.

Exercises are the same for both accredited and non-accredited courses.

Written Assessment Sessions

Session 21-01 - C&G Low Risk

City & Guilds Low Risk Written Assessment.

Accredited Training

Subjective questions

Time allocated

Pass mark

Session 21-02 - Medium Risk

In House Medium Risk Written Assessment.

Non-accredited training

Objective questions – Tick box questionnaire.

Time allocated

Pass mark

Session 21-03 - C&G Medium Risk

City & Guilds Medium Risk Written Assessment.

Accredited Training

Subjective questions

Time allocated

Pass mark

Session 21-04 - High Risk

In House High Risk Written Assessment.

Non-accredited training

Objective questions – Tick box questionnaire.

Time allocated

Pass mark

Session 21-05 - C&G High Risk

City & Guilds High Risk Written Assessment.

Accredited Training

Subjective questions

Time allocated

Pass mark

Session 21-06 - Rescue & Recovery

In House Rescue & Recovery Written Assessment.

Non-accredited training

Objective questions – Tick box questionnaire.

Time allocated

Pass mark

Session 21-07 - C&G Rescue & Recovery

City & Guilds Rescue & Recovery Written Assessment.

Accredited Training

Subjective questions

Time allocated

Pass mark

Session 21-08 - Supervise Work

In House Supervise Work Written Assessment.

Non-accredited training

Objective questions – Tick box questionnaire.

Time allocated

Pass mark

Session 21-09 - C&G Manage Work

City & Guilds Manage Work Written Assessment.

Accredited Training

Subjective questions

Time allocated

Pass mark

The practical assessments listed below are designed for both Accredited and Non-accredited courses.

Practical Assessment Sessions

Session 22-01 - Low Risk

Low Risk Wearing Exercise

The session covers:

  • The final practical assessment exercise conducted at the end of a City & Guilds Low risk course. 
  • Exercise scenario covers entry into a low risk confined space in accordance with a specific safe system of work.
  • Non-permit entry
  • Self rescue deemed to be a suitable and sufficient emergency procedure.
Session 22-03 - High Risk

Medium Risk Wearing Assessment

The session covers:

  • The final practical assessment exercise conducted at the end of a medium risk training course
  • Exercise scenario covers entry into a NC3 medium risk confined space in accordance with a specific safe system of work.
  • Permit controlled entry
  • Self and Assisted rescue deemed to be suitable and sufficient emergency procedure.
  • Emergency services available as back up.

Exercises are the same for both accredited and non-accredited courses.

Session 22-04 - Medium Risk

High Risk Wearing Assessment

The session covers:

  • The final practical assessment exercise conducted at the end of a high risk training course
  • Exercise scenario covers an entry into a NC4 high risk confined space in accordance with a specific safe system of work.
  • This is a Permit controlled entry by a team being sent in to survey a the confined space. The team are wearing full duration BA
  • Self and Assisted rescue deemed to be suitable and sufficient emergency procedure.
  • On Site Emergency Team on immediate standby.
  • Emergency services available as back up.

Exercise is the same for both accredited and non-accredited courses.

Session 22-05 - Rescue & Recovery

Rescue & Recovery Wearing Assessment

The session covers:

  • The final practical assessment exercise conducted at the end of a Rescue and Recovery training course
  • Exercise scenario covers an entry into a NC4 high risk confined space in accordance with a specific safe system of work.
  • This is a Permit controlled entry by a team being sent in to survey a the confined space. The team are wearing full duration BA
  • Self and Assisted rescue deemed to be suitable and sufficient emergency procedure.
  • On Site Emergency Team on immediate standby.
  • Emergency services available as back up.
  • A confined space emergency is declared.
  • Emergency team is committed and must deal with the incident
  • Post incident procedures implemented.

Exercise is the same for both accredited and non-accredited courses.

Session 22-06 - Supervise/Manage Work

Manage/Supervise Entry into Confined Space Assessment

The session covers the candidates

  • Definition and classification of an enclosed space as a confined space
  • Preparation of a safe system of work:
    • Risk Assessment
    • Method Statement
    • Selection of safe personnel
    • Selection, test and preparation of work equipment
    • Lock Out & Tag Out procedures
    • Selection test and operating plan for forced air ventilation equipment
    • Selection test and preparation of safety equipment
    • Permit to work
    • Monitor the entry
    • Complete and sign off permits and other documentation

Exercise is the same for both accredited and non-accredited courses.

Confined Space Training Courses

The training courses listed below outline details of each course designed and delivered by us.

The introduction section shows the course session content.  Each session listed is from the course programme list.

Confined Space Awareness Training.

Confined Space Awareness Training  –  Introduction.

CS Awareness training is purely knowledge based with no practical input.  During this course there is no entry into a confined space.

The purpose is to explain the the legal requirements, the hazards and the elements of the safe systems of work and emergency procedures.

The different types of confined space equipment are covered so that if required the selection of the appropriate type can be made for future work.

The training course is attendance only, there is no written or practical assessment. Because there is no practical training, written or practical assessment this type of training does not confer competence to enter and work in a confined space.

I only deliver this training for Confined Space training providers using selected sessions.

Awareness qualified does no enable entry to any risk spaces or to operate as a confined space attendant.

Confined Space Awareness - Questions.

Content of CS Awareness Training?

Confined Space Awareness Training

Session 01 Confined Space Introduction.
Session 02 Confined Space & other relevant legislation
Session 03 Confined Space Classification
Session 04 Confined Space Recognition
Session 05 Confined Space Accidents
Session 06 Confined Space Hazards
Session 07 Confined Space Equipment
Session 07-01 Rescue Harness & Retrieval Equipment
Session 07-02 Escape BA & Oxygen re-breathers
Session 07-03 Ancillary equipment (Lighting, ventilation, comms, etc)
Session 07-04 Gas Detection Equipment (Single & Multi Gas)
Session 07-05 Respirators
Session 08 Suspension Syncope.
Session 10 CS Safe Systems of Work
Session 11 CS Emergency Procedures

Who is going to deliver your CS Awareness Training?

This is Non-accredited training

Non-accredited confined space awareness training can be delivered by an external training provider or “In House” by the company themselves.

There is “On Line” training available but without any form of practical work I do not see the advantage to it.  I am not aware of any training provider willing to give an upgrade due to “On Line” qualifications.

There is no legal requirement to have an outside trainer deliver non-accredited confined space training.

Does CS Awareness Training need to be certified?

“In House” training does not need to be certified but does need to be recorded.  It may need to be certified to satisfy other requirements such as tender applications, insurance ISO requirements, etc. These other requirements may require third party certification.

External providers will provide training certificates stating “attended” or “successfully completed” or “successfully passed” depending on the nature of the course.

We provide certificates stating that the person successfully passed the course with the details of the course clearly itemised on the back page.  Certificate is valid for 3 years.

Do you need to do CS Awareness before Low Risk?

No you do not need to do confined space awareness training before doing any risk training.

Awareness training is general information as to the hazards associated with confined space working whether it be low, medium or high risk.

The way in which we have designed our course is that should you complete it and want to upgrade your certificate or qualification then by completion of the relevant practical and assessment sessions you may be able to upgrade.  Terms apply so please contact us.

Low Risk Confined Space Training.

Low Risk Confined Space Training  –  Introduction.

The City & Guilds Working in Low Risk Confined Spaces training and assessment course is for entrants that are required to enter and work in a confined space that has been defined in accordance with the regulations as a confined space but has been assessed as Low Risk.

Qualification at this level is not deemed adequate for entry or working in Medium or High Risk confined spaces especially if escape breathing apparatus is required for entry.  

Low Risk qualified enables entry to low risk spaces and to operate as low risk confined space attendant.

We have designed our training programme so that an upgrade to City & Guilds medium or high risk is possible with top up training.  Terms apply so please contact us for details.

Low Risk Confined Space - Questions.

Content of Low Risk CS Training?

Low Risk Confined Space Training

Session 01 Confined Space Introduction.
Session 02 Confined Space & other relevant legislation
Session 03 Confined Space Classification
Session 04 Confined Space Recognition
Session 05 Confined Space Accidents
Session 06 Confined Space Hazards
Session 07 Confined Space Equipment
Session 07-01 Rescue Harness & Retrieval Equipment
Session 07-03 Ancillary equipment (Lighting, ventilation, comms, etc)
Session 07-04 Gas Detection Equipment (Single & Multi Gas)
Session 07-05 Respirators
Session 08 Suspension Syncope.
Session 09 Confined Spaces Practical Exercises.
Session 09-01 Test, don & adjust a Rescue Harness
Session 09-02 Test, set up a Tripod and retrieval device
Session 09-03 Operate & use portable gas detectors
Session 09-04 Winching operations involving tripod and retrieval devices
Session 09-07 Radio operation and use
Session 09-08 Operate and use ventilation equipment

Session 10 CS Safe Systems of Work
Session 11 CS Emergency Procedures

Who is going to deliver your Low Risk CS Training?

Working in Low risk confined spaces

This can be either Accredited or Non-accredited training

Level 2 Award in Working in Low risk confined spaces is accredited training.

Accredited training and assessment can only be delivered by an approved instructor.  Approval being granted by the Awarding Body, in this case, City & Guilds.

The approved instructor can only work through an approved centre.  

I am an approved instructor working through Highway Safety & Construction Training.  This is an approved centre for the delivery of this suite of confined spaces training and assessment courses.

Non-accredited training can be delivered by an external training provider or “In House” by the company themselves.

We as an external provider can design a low risk confined space course that meets the same standards and levels of assessment as the accredited version.  We currently do not offer non-accredited  Low Risk Confined Space training as we believe it is a waste of your time, money and resources. If you do not need or require accredited qualifications then spend your money wisely on medium risk.  You get more return for your pound.

There is no legal requirement to have an outside trainer to deliver fire warden training. Provided there is enough “In House” competence then that competent person can legally provide this training. For example NI Water provide their own training. but they do have the competence in all the knowledge and practical subject areas.

There is “On Line” training available but without any form of practical work I do not see the advantage to it.  I am not aware of any training provider willing to give an upgrade due to “On Line” qualifications.

Does Low Risk CS Awareness Training need to be certified?

Accredited training will be certified by the award of a City & Guilds certificate.  Certificate is valid for 3 years.

“In House” training does not need to be certified but does need to be recorded.  It may need to be certified to satisfy other requirements such as tender applications, insurance ISO requirements, etc. These other requirements may require third party certification.

External providers will provide training certificates stating “attended” or “successfully completed” or “successfully passed” depending on the nature of the course.

We provide certificates stating that the person successfully passed the course with the details of the course clearly itemised on the back page.  Certificate is valid for 3 years.

Do you need to do Low Risk CS before Medium Risk?

No you do not need to do low risk confined space  training before doing medium or high risk.

Medium and High Risk training courses cover all the sessions of a low risk space

The way in which we have designed our course is that should you complete it and want to upgrade your certificate or qualification then by completion of the relevant practical and assessment sessions you may be able to upgrade.  Terms apply so please contact us.

What are the characteristics of a Low Risk CS?

The characteristics of a Low Risk Confined Space are:

  • Risk assessed as being potentially tolerable for lone worker as per company policy
  • May require an entry permit.
  • Shallow entry space with adequate natural or mechanical ventilation
  • Where access/egress is simple and unobstructed
  • There is no likely risk of flooding
  • Gas detection equipment shall be necessary
  • May enter into spaces not deeper than 3 metres with an unobstructed vertical lift.
    • Entry by a straight ladder into a dark chamber or by winching
    • Fall arrest and retrieval equipment shall be necessary
  • Entrants may be required to stay on a lifeline. If so a CS Attendant (Topman) is required with constant communication and fall protection.
  • Entrants shall not have to move to a position where if they collapsed their retrieval equipment would be ineffective
  • *There is no assessed need for escape breathing apparatus.
  • Emergency Procedure – Self Rescue may be deemed acceptable with Assisted Rescue possible if the entrant is attached to retrieval equipment.

*If there is an assessed need for escape BA then this is a Medium Risk Confined Space and therefore the Low Risk Qualification is inadequate.

Medium Risk Confined Space Training.

Medium Risk Confined Space Training  –  Introduction.

Working in Medium Risk Confined Spaces training and assessment course is for entrants that are required to enter and work in a confined space that has been defined in accordance with the regulations as a confined space but has been assessed as Medium Risk.

We provide both City & Guilds accredited and our own “In House” non-accredited training course.  Both courses are to the same standard and level of assessment.

Qualification at this level is not deemed adequate for entry or working in High Risk confined spaces especially if full duration breathing apparatus or supplied air respirators is required for entry.  

Medium Risk qualified enables entry to low and medium risk spaces and to operate as a medium risk confined space attendant.

We have designed our training programme so that an upgrade to City & Guilds high risk is possible with top up training.  Terms apply so please contact us for details.

Medium Risk Confined Space - Questions.

Content of Medium Risk CS Training?

Medium Risk Confined Space Training

Session 01 Confined Space Introduction.
Session 02 Confined Space & other relevant legislation
Session 03 Confined Space Classification
Session 04 Confined Space Recognition
Session 05 Confined Space Accidents
Session 06 Confined Space Hazards
Session 07 Confined Space Equipment
Session 07-01 Rescue Harness & Retrieval Equipment
Session 07-02 Escape BA & Oxygen re-breathers
Session 07-03 Ancillary equipment (Lighting, ventilation, comms, etc)
Session 07-04 Gas Detection Equipment (Single & Multi Gas)
Session 07-05 Respirators
Session 08 Suspension Syncope.
Session 09 Confined Spaces Practical Exercises.
Session 09-01 Test, don & adjust a Rescue Harness
Session 09-02 Test, set up a Tripod and retrieval device
Session 09-03 Operate & use portable gas detectors
Session 09-04 Winching operations involving tripod and retrieval devices
Session 09-05 Don & doff Escape BA Facemasks
Session 09-06 Assemble, prepare and test a PP10 Escape BA
Session 09-07 Radio operation and use
Session 09-08 Operate and use ventilation equipment
Session 09-21 – Medium Risk Exercises
Session 10 CS Safe Systems of Work
Session 11 CS Emergency Procedures

Who is going to deliver your Medium Risk CS Training?

Working in Medium risk confined spaces

This can be either Accredited or Non-accredited training

Level 2 Award in Working in Medium risk confined spaces is accredited training.

Accredited training and assessment can only be delivered by an approved instructor.  Approval being granted by the Awarding Body, in this case, City & Guilds.

The approved instructor can only work through an approved centre.  

I am an approved instructor working through Highway Safety & Construction Training.  This is an approved centre for the delivery of this suite of confined spaces training and assessment courses.

Non-accredited training can be delivered by an external training provider or “In House” by the company themselves.

We as an external provider have designed a medium risk confined space course that meets the same standards and levels of assessment as the accredited version.  

There is no legal requirement to have an outside trainer to deliver fire warden training. Provided there is enough “In House” competence then that competent person can legally provide this training. For example NI Water provide their own training. but they do have the competence in all the knowledge and practical subject areas.

There is “On Line” training available but without any form of practical work I do not see the advantage to it.  I am not aware of any training provider willing to give an upgrade due to “On Line” qualifications.

Does Medium Risk CS Training need to be certified?

We provide Level 2 Award in Working in Medium risk confined spaces (top man) (entrant).  This is accredited training.

Accredited training will be certified by the award of a City & Guilds certificate.  Certificate is valid for 3 years.

Non-accredited training.

We provide non-accredited Medium Risk training and issue certificates stating that the person successfully passed the course with the details of the course clearly itemised on the back page.  Certificate is valid for 3 years.

“In House” training does not need to be certified but does need to be recorded.  It may need to be certified to satisfy other requirements such as tender applications, insurance ISO requirements, etc. These other requirements may require third party certification.

Other External providers will provide training certificates stating “attended” or “successfully completed” or “successfully passed” depending on the nature of the course.

Do you need to do Medium Risk CS before High Risk?

No you do not need to do medium risk confined space  training before doing high risk.

High Risk training courses cover all the sessions of a medium risk space

The way in which we have designed our course is that should you complete medium risk and want to upgrade your certificate or qualification to high risk then by completion of the relevant practical and assessment sessions you may be able to upgrade.  Terms apply so please contact us.

What are the characteristics of a Low Risk CS?

A medium risk confined space exists where there is a risk that a specified hazard is or may be present.

  • It will require the use of escape breathing apparatus.
  • Permit controlled confined space
  • It will involve the presence of one or more people – positioned outside the confined space – who have designated responsibilities for controlling the entry and dealing with emergencies.
  • Entry to the confined space may involve:
    • Vertical entry normally using a ladder or man-riding winch, both requiring fall protection and means of assisted rescue such as a rescue winch
    • Horizontal entry such as walking or climbing into the confined space or working away from the bottom of a vertical entry, with limited use of a rescue line.
  • Such types of entry may involve more than one person entering the confined space.
  • Emergency Procedure –
    • Self Rescue as first resort
    •  Assisted Rescue possible if the entrant is attached to retrieval equipment.
    • Trained “On Site” emergency team may be required to be on standby
    • Emergency Services as fall back

High Risk Confined Space Training.

High Risk Confined Space Training  –  Introduction.

Working in High Risk Confined Spaces training and assessment course is for entrants that are required to enter and work in a confined space that has been defined in accordance with the regulations as a confined space but has been assessed as Medium Risk.

We provide both City & Guilds accredited and our own “In House” non-accredited training course.  Both courses are to the same standard and level of assessment.

Qualification at this level is not deemed adequate for entry or working as a member of an emergency rescue team for entry into a confined space for the rescue and recovery of casualties.

High Risk qualified enables entry to low, medium and high risk spaces and to operate as a high risk confined space attendant and breathing apparatus entry control.

We have designed our training programme so that an upgrade to City & Guilds or “In House” Rescue and Recovery qualification is possible with top up training.  Terms apply so please contact us for details.

High Risk Confined Space - Questions.

Content of High Risk CS Training?

High Risk Confined Space Training

Session 01 Confined Space Introduction.
Session 02 Confined Space & other relevant legislation
Session 03 Confined Space Classification
Session 04 Confined Space Recognition
Session 05 Confined Space Accidents
Session 06 Confined Space Hazards
Session 07 Confined Space Equipment
Session 07-01 Rescue Harness & Retrieval Equipment
Session 07-02 Escape BA & Oxygen re-breathers
Session 07-03 Ancillary equipment (Lighting, ventilation, comms, etc)
Session 07-04 Gas Detection Equipment (Single & Multi Gas)
Session 07-05 Respirators
Session 07-06 Full Duration (Working) Breathing Apparatus
Session 07-07 Breathing Apparatus Airline
Session 08 Suspension Syncope.
Session 09 Confined Spaces Practical Exercises.
Session 09-01 Test, don & adjust a Rescue Harness
Session 09-02 Test, set up a Tripod and retrieval device
Session 09-03 Operate & use portable gas detectors
Session 09-04 Winching operations involving tripod and retrieval devices
Session 09-05 Don & doff Escape BA Facemasks
Session 09-06 Assemble, prepare and test a PP10 Escape BA
Session 09-07 Radio operation and use
Session 09-08 Operate and use ventilation equipment
Session 9-09 BA Cylinder connection/disconnection
Session 9-10 Don & doff Full Duration BA Facemasks
Session 9-11 Prepare & Test Full Duration (Working) BA Sets
Session 9-12 Don & Adjust a Full Duration BA Set
Session 9-13 Full Duration BA Familiarisation Exercise
Session 9-14 BA Entry Control Procedures
Session 9-15 Uncovenanted disconnection of a Lung Demand Valve
Session 9-16 Prepare & Test BA Airline equipment
Session 9-17 Operate & Use BA Airline
Session 09-21 – High Risk Exercises
Session 10 CS Safe Systems of Work
Session 11 CS Emergency Procedures
Session 12 BA Cylinders & durations
Session 13 Face Fit Testing
Session 14 Breathing Apparatus Entry Control Procedures
Session 15 BA Distress to Wearer & RIDDOR

Who is going to deliver your High Risk CS Training?

Working in High risk confined spaces

This can be either Accredited or Non-accredited training

Level 2 Award in Working in High risk confined spaces is accredited training.

Accredited training and assessment can only be delivered by an approved instructor.  Approval being granted by the Awarding Body, in this case, City & Guilds.

The approved instructor can only work through an approved centre.  

I am an approved instructor working through Highway Safety & Construction Training.  This is an approved centre for the delivery of this suite of confined spaces training and assessment courses.

Non-accredited training can be delivered by an external training provider or “In House” by the company themselves.

We as an external provider have designed a high risk confined space course that meets the same standards and levels of assessment as the accredited version.  

There is no legal requirement to have an outside trainer to deliver high risk confined space training. Provided there is enough “In House” competence then that competent person can legally provide this training. For example NI Water provide their own training. but they do have the competence in all the knowledge and practical subject areas.

There is “On Line” training available but without any form of practical work I do not see the advantage to it.  I am not aware of any training provider willing to give an upgrade due to “On Line” qualifications.

Does High Risk CS Training need to be certified?

We provide Level 2 Award in Working in high risk confined spaces.  This is accredited training.

Accredited training will be certified by the award of a City & Guilds certificate.  Certificate is valid for 3 years.

Non-accredited training.

We provide non-accredited High Risk training and issue certificates stating that the person successfully passed the course with the details of the course clearly itemised on the back page.  Certificate is valid for 3 years.

“In House” training does not need to be certified but does need to be recorded.  It may need to be certified to satisfy other requirements such as tender applications, insurance ISO requirements, etc. These other requirements may require third party certification.

Other External providers will provide training certificates stating “attended” or “successfully completed” or “successfully passed” depending on the nature of the course.

Do you need to do High Risk CS before Rescue and Recovery?

Yes you need to do high risk confined space training before doing rescue and recovery training.

High Risk training courses cover all the sessions related to full duration breathing apparatus which are essential pre-requisites for attendance at a rescue and recovery course.

The way in which we have designed our rescue and recovery course is that should you complete medium risk and want to upgrade your certificate or qualification to rescue and recovery then by completion of the relevant practical and assessment sessions you may be able to upgrade.  Terms apply so please contact us.

What are the characteristics of a High Risk CS?

A high risk confined space exists when there are non-standard entries and which, in consequence, makes rescue difficult.

  • It is likely that a hazard will be present at some time during the entry.
  • Entry may involve complex entry procedures and there will be work-specific controls and rescue arrangements.
  • Permit controlled with BA entry control procedures.
  • It will entail the use of either self-contained open circuit breathing apparatus or supplied air respirators or breathing apparatus airline.
  • It will also entail the use of specialist detection equipment, and resuscitation equipment.
  • It will require the presence of personnel who have designated responsibilities for dealing Emergency Procedure –
    • Self Rescue as first resort
    •  Assisted Rescue possible if the entrant is attached to retrieval equipment.
    • Trained “On Site” emergency team should be required to be on standby
    • Emergency Services as fall back.
Are there any recommendations as regards the selection of BA equipment ?

On completion of our courses candidates will be:

  • Trained in the test, operation and use of Drager full duration sets
  • Trained in operating procedures that are identical to the ones used by NIFRS and NIAS
  • Trained in emergency procedures that replicate those used by NIFRS and NIAS

For high risk confined space entry which entails the use of either self-contained open circuit breathing apparatus or breathing apparatus airline we would strongly recommend the use of equipment which is compatible with the equipment used by the emergency services in the locality where it is to be used.

For example we use and train candidates to use Drager breathing apparatus because the NI Fire and Rescue Service NIFRS and NI Ambulance Service NIAS are both trained and equipped in the use of similar Drager equipment. 

Not only are they trained to use Drager equipment but all Fire and Ambulance operating, safety and emergency procedures are built around Drager equipment.  

Our rationale is that in the event of an emergency there:

  • will be reduced potential for delay in the stabilising, rescue or recovery of a casualty.
  • common knowledge of equipment and safety procedures

The reason being is that the Drager range is easily interchangeable allowing either direct connection of spare or the use of various attachments to assist the provision of:

  • Emergency air supply
  • Decontamination procedures whether emergency or not.

Confined Space Rescue & Recovery Training.

Confined Space Rescue and Recovery Training  –  Introduction.

Confined Spaces Rescue and Recovery training and assessment course is for members of an emergency rescue team that are required to enter a confined space to rescue and recover casualties. They are required to be trained to enter all risks of confined space as defined in accordance with the regulations.

We provide both City & Guilds accredited and our own “In House” non-accredited training course.  Both courses are to the same standard and level of assessment.

Rescue and Recovery qualified enables entry to low, medium and high risk spaces and to operate as a high risk confined space attendant (breathing apparatus entry control), emergency team member and emergency team leader.

We have designed our training programme so that an upgrade from our  “In House” Rescue and Recovery qualification to City & Guilds  is possible with minor completion of Centre administration .  Terms apply so please contact us for details.

Confined Space Rescue & Recovery - Questions.

Content of CS Rescue and Recovery Training?

Confined Space Rescue and Recovery Training

This will involve mainly refresher training in the knowledge sessions but a strong emphasis on the practical.

Session 02 CS & other relevant legislation
Session 05 CS Accidents
Session 06 CS Hazards
Session 08 Suspension Syncope.
Session 09 Confined Spaces Practical Exercises.
Session 09-01 Test, don & adjust a Rescue Harness
Session 09-02 Test, set up a Tripod and retrieval device
Session 09-03 Operate & use portable gas detectors
Session 09-04 Winching operations involving tripod and retrieval devices
Session 09-07 Radio operation and use
Session 09-08 Operate and use ventilation equipment

Session 9-12 Don & Adjust a Full Duration BA Set
Session 9-13 Full Duration BA Familiarisation Exercise
Session 9-14 BA Entry Control Procedures
Session 9-15 Uncovenanted disconnection of a Lung Demand Valve
Session 9-16 Prepare & Test BA Airline equipment
Session 9-17 Operate & Use BA Airline
Session 09-22 – Rescue Exercises
Session 10 CS Safe Systems of Work
Session 11 CS Emergency Procedures
Session 14 Breathing Apparatus Entry Control Procedures
Session 15 BA Distress to Wearer & RIDDOR
Session 16 Emergency Response Team Roles & Responsibilities
Session 17 Emergency Rescue & Rescue Plan
Session 18 Emergency Services – Levels of Response
Session 19 Dynamic Management of Risk
Session 20 Confined Space Removal of BA Sets to effect a rescue

Who is going to deliver your CS Rescue Training?

Confined Space Rescue and Recovery

This can be either Accredited or Non-accredited training

Level 3 Award in Emergency rescue and recovery of casualties from confined spaces is accredited training.

Accredited training and assessment can only be delivered by an approved instructor.  Approval being granted by the Awarding Body, in this case, City & Guilds.  The approval criteria are set by the Awarding Body. With my background and experience I more than meet the competence standards.

An approved instructor can only work through an approved centre.  

I am an approved instructor working through Highway Safety & Construction Training.  This is an approved centre for the delivery of this suite of confined spaces training and assessment courses.

Non-accredited training can be delivered by an external training provider or “In House” by the company themselves.

We as an external provider have designed a confined space rescue and recovery course that meets the same standards and levels of assessment as the accredited version.  

There is no legal requirement to have an outside trainer to deliver high risk confined space training. Provided there is enough “In House” competence then that competent person can legally provide this training. For example NI Water provide their own training. but they do have the competence in all the knowledge and practical subject areas.

Does CS Rescue Training need to be certified?

We provide Level 3 Award in Emergency rescue and recovery of casualties from confined spaces.  This is accredited training.

Accredited training will be certified by the award of a City & Guilds certificate.  Certificate is valid for 3 years.

Non-accredited training.

We provide non-accredited CS Rescue and Recovery training and issue certificates stating that the person successfully passed the course with the details of the course clearly itemised on the back page.  Certificate is valid for 3 years.

There are limited numbers of other External providers offering this course in N Ireland.  They will provide training certificates stating “attended” or “successfully completed” or “successfully passed” depending on the nature of the course.

Are there any recommendations as regards the selection of BA equipment ?

On completion of our courses candidates will be:

  • Trained in the test, operation and use of Drager full duration sets
  • Trained in operating procedures that are identical to the ones used by NIFRS and NIAS
  • Trained in emergency procedures that replicate those used by NIFRS and NIAS

For high risk confined space entry which entails the use of either self-contained open circuit breathing apparatus or breathing apparatus airline we would strongly recommend the use of equipment which is compatible with the equipment used by the emergency services in the locality where it is to be used.

For example we use and train candidates to use Drager breathing apparatus because the NI Fire and Rescue Service NIFRS and NI Ambulance Service NIAS are both trained and equipped in the use of similar Drager equipment. 

Not only are they trained to use Drager equipment but all Fire and Ambulance operating, safety and emergency procedures are built around Drager equipment.  

Our rationale is that in the event of an emergency there:

  • will be reduced potential for delay in the stabilising, rescue or recovery of a casualty.
  • common knowledge of equipment and safety procedures

The reason being is that the Drager range is easily interchangeable allowing either direct connection of spare or the use of various attachments to assist the provision of:

  • Emergency air supply
  • Decontamination procedures whether emergency or not.

Managing Work in Confined Spaces Training.

Managing Work in Confined Spaces Training  –  Introduction.

Managing Work in Confined Spaces training and assessment course is for managers, health and safety officers, etc that are required to manage working in confined spaces. They may be required to be trained to manage:

  • work in all risks of confined space as defined in accordance with the regulations.  If they are required to enter a confined space as part of their management duties then they require to be trained for that level of entry.
  • emergency rescue and recovery response but not be rescue and recovery trained

We provide both City & Guilds accredited and our own “In House” non-accredited training course.  Both courses are to the same standard and level of assessment.

Managing Work in confined spaces qualification does not on its own enable entry to low, medium or high risk spaces or to operate as a high risk confined space attendant (breathing apparatus entry control), emergency team member or emergency team leader. The qualification does allow carrying out the duties of a Confined Space Supervisor or Attendant at low or medium risk confined spaces. 

We have designed our training programme so that an upgrade from our  “In House” Managing Work in Confined Spaces qualification to City & Guilds  is possible with minor completion of Centre administration .  Terms apply so please contact us for details.

Managing Work in Confined Spaces - Questions.

Content of Managing Work in CS Training?

Managing Work in Confined Spaces Training

This following content list is not exhaustive and will be tailored to meet the individual need of the client for our “In House” courses.

For Accredited City & Guilds the content will be as below.

The content will mainly involve knowledge based training concentrating on the levels of supervision and essential safety requirements.

  • Session 01 Confined Space Introduction to cover the relevance of medical standards and fitness for work in confined spaces.
  • Session 02 Confined Space & other relevant legislation and ACOP to cover the application of the relevant regulations to confined space working and the implications of non compliance.
  • Session 03 Confined Space Classification to cover the relevance of the classification for contract or tender requirements.
  • Session 04 Confined Space Recognition so that the manager is able to correctly apply the definition of a confined space for the jurisdiction they are working in ie the definition of a confined space in UK is slightly different than the Irish counterpart.
  • Session 05 Confined Space Accidents to cover the requirements to prevent but also the implications should they occur.
  • Session 06 Confined Space Hazards to explain in detail the requirements of an adequate safe system of work and the selection of adequate safe equipment.
  • Session 07 Confined Space Equipment to cover the selection of suitable adequate equipment, the test, care and maintenance requirements, the decision on whether to hire or buy, test records, etc
  • Session 9  Confined Spaces Practical Exercises.  Which session, if any, that requires to be covered to meet the individual need of the candidate.
  • Session 10 Confined Space Safe Systems of Work to review, revise and produce:
    • Specific CS risk assessments
    • Method statements
    • Permits to work
    • Test records
    • LOTO Procedures
  • Session 11 Confined Space Emergency Procedures to cover requirements for planned and unplanned events.
  • Session 13  Face Fit Testing to cover the requirements for respirators and BA facemasks.
  • Session 19  Dynamic Management of Risk to cover a proved method of use
  • Session 21  Confined Space Written Assessments
  • Session 22  Confined Space Practical Assessments
Who is going to deliver your CS Management Training?

Managing Work in confined spaces

This can be either Accredited or Non-accredited training

Level 5 Award in Manage work in confined spaces is accredited training.

Accredited training and assessment can only be delivered by an approved instructor.  Approval being granted by the Awarding Body, in this case, City & Guilds.  The approval criteria are set by the Awarding Body. With my background and experience I more than meet the competence standards.

An approved instructor can only work through an approved centre.  

I am an approved instructor working through Highway Safety & Construction Training.  This is an approved centre for the delivery of this suite of confined spaces training and assessment courses.

Non-accredited training can be delivered by an external training provider or “In House” by the company themselves.

We as an external provider have designed a managing work in confined spaces course that meets the same standards and levels of assessment as the accredited version.  

There is no legal requirement to have an outside trainer to deliver managing work in confined spaces training. Provided there is enough “In House” competence then that competent person can legally provide this training. For example NI Water provide their own training. but they do have the competence in all the knowledge and practical subject areas.

Does CS Management Training need to be certified?

Level 5 Award in Manage work in confined spaces.  This is accredited training.

Accredited training will be certified by the award of a City & Guilds certificate.  Certificate is valid for 3 years.

Non-accredited training.

We provide non-accredited Manage work in CS training and issue certificates stating that the person successfully passed the course with the details of the course clearly itemised on the back page.  Certificate is valid for 3 years.

There are limited numbers of other External providers offering this course in N Ireland.  They will provide training certificates stating “attended” or “successfully completed” or “successfully passed” depending on the nature of the course.

Confined Space Gas Detection Training.

Gas Detection Training  –  Introduction.

This training is delivered:

  1. As part of the confined space training courses listed above.
  2. As “Stand Alone” training for anyone with a requirement to use a gas detector
  3. Refresher training

Gas detection trained is for anyone who operates and uses portable gas detectors either single or multi gas.

It is our experience that the majority of people using gas detectors have taken them out of the box turned them on and started to use.  If it makes a noise leave the area, turn it off or silence the alarms and make sure it is calibrated whenever required.

The reliability of the equipment and ease of use are advantages but failure to thoroughly test, operate, use care and maintain could be disastrous.  

We use and train on the following portable multi gas detectors:

  • Honeywell GasAlertMicroClip
  • Honeywell GasAlertQuattro 
  • MSA ALTAIR 4X

Gas Detection - Questions.

Content of gas detection training?

The full details are outlined in the gas detection training page.

The course covers the selection, operation and use of detectors and attachments.  The requirements of calibration, bump testing, safe use and essential care and maintenance are essential elements of the course. 

Who is going to deliver your Gas Detection Training?

Gas detection is covered by us as part of confined space training or can be delivered as “Stand Alone” training.

For confined space training this training is provided by an approved instructor trained and certified by the manufacturer.

There are “On Line” courses that can be taken and on completion certified provided the trainee passes the online assessment.

Does Gas Detection Training need to be certified?

Gas detection covered during confined space training is not certified.

“Stand Alone” will be certified.

There are “On Line” courses that can be taken and on completion certified provided the trainee passes the online assessment.  

Without certification you have no evidence of competence to use the equipment.

Confined Space Safety Harness Training.

Safety Harness Training  –  Introduction.

This training is delivered:

  1. As part of the confined space training courses listed above.
  2. As “Stand Alone” training for anyone with a requirement to use a safety/rescue harness
  3. Refresher training

Rescue Harness training is a requirement for anyone who wears a Rescue Harness for entry into and exit or emergency rescue from a confined space.

Persons who work in areas where there is a risk of falling should select and always correctly wear and use a suitable rescue/safety harness.

For training we use the IKAR rescue harnesses with overhead rescue attachment so that when used with a retractable fall arrester will be suitable and appropriate for use.

Safety Harness - Questions.

Content of safety harness training?

The full details are outlined in the safety harness training page.

The course covers the selection, testing, care and maintenance, donning, adjustment, operation and use.

The content is as per the relevant confined space training sessions listed above.

Who is going to deliver your Safety Harness Training?

Safety Harness is covered by us as part of confined space training or can be delivered as “Stand Alone” training.

For confined space training this training is provided by an approved instructor trained and certified by the manufacturer.

Does Safety Harness Training need to be certified?

Safety/Rescue Harness covered during confined space training is not certified.

“Stand Alone” will be certified.

Without certification you have no evidence of competence to test, operate and use the harness.

Confined Space Retrieval Equipment Training.

Retrieval Equipment Training  –  Introduction.

This training is delivered:

  1. As part of the confined space training courses listed above.
  2. As “Stand Alone” training for anyone with a requirement to use a specialist retrieval equipment
  3. Refresher training

Retrieval equipment training is a requirement for anyone who uses a tripod and retrieval device for entry into and exit or emergency rescue from a confined space.

For training we use the IKAR Rescue Tripod Bundle

Comprising:

  • DBA2 aluminium tripod
  • HRA device (Combined fall arrest and retrieval device)
  • HRA to tripod mounting bracket
  • Pulley and karabiner

Retrieval Equipment - Questions.

Content of retrieval equipment training?

The full details are outlined in the retrieval equipment training page.

The course covers the selection, testing, care and maintenance, operation and use.

The content is as per the relevant confined space training sessions listed above.

Who is going to deliver your retrieval equipment training?

Retrieval Equipment is covered by us as part of confined space training or can be delivered as “Stand Alone” training.

For confined space training this training is provided by an approved instructor trained and certified by the manufacturer.

Does retrieval equipment training need to be certified?

Retrieval Equipment covered during confined space training is not certified.

“Stand Alone” will be certified.

Without certification you have no evidence of competence to test, operate and use the retrieval equipment.

Confined Space Lock Out Tag Out Training.

Lock Out Tag Out Training  –  Introduction.

This training is delivered:

  1. As part of the confined space training courses listed above.
  2. As “Stand Alone” training for anyone with a requirement to use lock out tag out procedures and equipment.

Lock Out Tag Out - Questions.

Content of LOTO training?

The full details are outlined in the Lock Out Tag Out training page.

The course covers the operation and use of Lock Out Tag Out procedures.

The content is as per the relevant confined space training sessions listed above.

Who is going to deliver your LOTO Training?

Lock Out Tag Out is covered by us as part of confined space training or can be delivered as “Stand Alone” training.

For confined space training this training is provided by an approved instructor.

Does LOTO Training need to be certified?

Lock Out Tag Out procedures and equipment covered during confined space training is not certified.

“Stand Alone” will be certified.